1 Peter 2:11-25
Observations on 2:11-17: In verse 11, observe Peter’s exhortation-“urge/call” (parakalo-Pres. Act. Ind.) and his description of his readers as “resident aliens” (paroikous) and “visiting strangers” (parepidemous). The readers are to “abstain” (apechesthai-Pres. Mid. Infin.) from fleshly desires that “wage war” (strateuontai-Pres. Mid. Ind.) against the soul.
In verse 12, the focus is placed on “keeping” (echontes-Pres. Act. Ptc.) one’s “conduct” (anastrophen) among the Gentiles honorable. The reason for such an exhortation is provided through a purpose clause: “so that” (hina) ultimately opponents “may glorify God” (doxazosin-Aor. Act. Subj.) on the day of “visitation/inspection” (episkopes).
Verse 13 contains the first imperative command in 2:11-17: “Be subject” (hupotagete-Aor. Pas. Imper.). The term “institution” (ktisei) carries the idea of a government’s creation of statutes to maintain order in society.
Verse 15 highlights the “will” (thelema) of God. By doing good, believers “put to silence/muzzle” (phimoun-Pres. Act. Infin.) the ignorance of the foolish.
In verse 16, note the warning against using freedom as license. Freedom is not to be used as “a cover up/cloak” (epikalumma) for evil.
Verse 17 includes four imperative commands: “honor” (timesate-Aor. Act. Imper.) all men perpetually, “love” (agapate-Pres. Act. Imper.) fellow-believers, “fear” (phobeisthe-Pres. Mid. Imper.) God and “honor” (timate-Pres. Act. Imper) the king.
Observations on 2:18-20: This section is addressed to “servants” (oiketai-house servants). They are to “be subject” (hupotassomenoi-Pres. Mid. Ptc.) to their masters-even to the “unreasonable/crooked” (skoliois) ones.
In verse 19, one who is “mindful” (suneidesin) of God and “endures” (hupopherei-Pres. Act. Ind.) griefs while “suffering” (paschon-Pres. Act. Ptc.) unjustly (adikos) does a “gracious/acceptable” (charis) thing.
Verse 20 reinforces the idea of verse 19. Note the term “credit” (kleos).
Preaching 2:21-25:”Our Suffering Substitute”
Main Idea: Because of the suffering of Jesus as our substitute, we can have a right relationship with God.
Verses 21-23 present Jesus as our standard/example in suffering.
Verses 24-25 present Jesus as our substitute in suffering.
- Understand the nature of His substitution. (24a)
- He Himself
- “our”: beneficial for all believers
- the substance: “bore (anenegken-Aor. Act. Ind.) our sins (hamartias)”
- the sphere: “in His body”
- the sense: “on the tree (zulon)” as a curse
- He Himself
- Ponder the purpose of His substitution. (24b)
- “that (hina) we having died” (apogenomenoi-Aor. Mid. Ptc.) to sins…
- “might live (zesomen-Aor. Act. Subj.) to righteousness (dikaiosune)”
- Assess the impact of His substitution. (24c-25)
- “by His wounds (molopi) you have been healed (iathete-Aor. Pas. Ind.)”-morally/spiritually
- you were like sheep going astray (planaomenoi-Pres. Mid. Ptc.)
- but now you have returned (epestraphete-Aor. Pas. Ind.)
- to your Shepherd (poimena) and Guardian (episkopon)