1 Peter 2:1-10
Observations on 2:1-3: In verse 1, note the phrase “having put aside” (apothemenoi)-Aor. Mid. Ptc. and connect it back to the command to love in 1:22. Moving forward, subordinate it to the command to “long for/crave” in verse 2. Then, pay attention to the five community-disrupting vices that are mentioned in verse 1.
In verse 2, give emphasis to the command “long for/crave” (epipothesate)-Aor. Act. Imper.-“milk” (gala)-here, not milk as elementary Christian teaching as opposed to meat, but something eagerly desired for nourishment.
In verse 3, consider the connection of this verse to Psa. 34:8. Also note the use of “good/kindness” (chrestos).
Preaching 2:4-10: “Good News for God’s People”
Main Idea: Because of the mercy of God through Jesus Christ, believers have a new identity and a new occupation.
- Acknowledge the dynamic fellowship. (4-5)
- habitual coming to Him: “coming” (proserchomenoi)-Pres. Mid. Ptc.-“living stone” (lithon zonta).
- Note “living hope” (1:3), “living word” (1:23) and “living stone” (2:4).
- supernatural: people with a personal connection to Christ (spiritual house, holy priesthood)
- Affirm the divine foundation. (6-8)
- described with three OT texts: Isa. 28:16 (v. 6), Psa. 118:22 (v.7), Isa. 8:14 (v.8)
- Embrace the designed function. (9-10)
- contrast: “But you…”
- identity: chosen race, royal priesthood, holy nation, people for His possession
- activity/occupation: “that you might proclaim (exangeilete)-Aor. Act. Subj.-excellencies”
- key to new identity and occupation: “having received mercy” (eleemenoi-Aor. Pas. Ptc.)