Epistles/Letters are didactic New Testament letters that work out a theological idea or application.
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There are six imperatives that mark this last section of 2 Timothy Paul begins and ends this last section of the book with the command for Timothy to (σπουδασον) Make Every Effort (vs. 9 and vs. 21) (hurry; zealous) Challenge: In Light of What’s Com... Read More »
When you get to this point in the letter, you sense Paul’s urgency increasing as he begins his final thoughts …. He begins this section with a charge. He used this same word in 1 Tim. 5:21. Paul grounds this charge on 4 realities: God, Jesus, Jesus’ ... Read More »
This passage begins w/ a word of contrast designed as a reminder you heard the truth from me and have followed it Here, Paul was contrasting the false prophets just addressed … they will be exposed, but you know me … The first thing he mentions was his mes... Read More »
This pericope contains two imperatives in vs. 1 and vs. 5. The message is a warning. Paul began this section – “Know this!” This passage admonishes believers to guard your heart and your home. Difficult days are coming. So, Paul identified what we ... Read More »
Paul’s imperative to Timothy in this section is to Remind them Who is them? The faithful men (2:2) that he is charged to instruct The reminder that Timothy was to deliver is written in 7 imperatives: remind them (14), be diligent (15), shun (16), depart (19)... Read More »
Paul previously used three examples: Soldier (not distracted) Athlete (Following rules) Farmer (hard-working) Here, he cites Jesus as the ultimate example of faithfulness. Paul notes two aspects in particular about Jesus: He is Savior and Messiah So, the c... Read More »
Paul’s instructions here contrast Phygellus and Hermogenes. Instead, Paul is encouraging Timothy to be like Onesiphorus (and Paul 1:12). The phrase, “YOU, therefore” is emphatic. This passage contains 4 imperatives, with the last one in vs. 7 (“Con... Read More »
This pericope has two imperatives (“hold fast” in vs. 13; and “keep” in vs. 14). In this passage, Paul is reminding Timothy of 2 things that he possesses. In describing each possession, Paul issues Tim an imperative describing what to DO with that po... Read More »
Paul began this section by using a word he used of himself in Rom. 1:16, when he declared, “I am not ashamed of the Gospel.” Perhaps Timothy would remember that challenge as he used the same word here in challenging Timothy, “Do not be ashamed.” Paul... Read More »
Paul’s circumstances changed between the writing of 1 Timothy and 2 Timothy. In the first letter, Paul was anticipating coming to see Timothy. However, in second the letter, Paul was in prison. The circumstances of Paul’s imprisonment and impending d... Read More »
Resources for Further Study: Charles Bigg, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude. Edinburgh: & T. Clark, 1956. John Brown, Expository Discourses on 1 Peter. Volume II. Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1975. E. ... Read More »
1 Peter 5:1-14 Preaching 5:1-4: “Taking God Seriously” Main Idea: In a church marked by persecution and purification, leaders must be shaped by the truth and sustained by the triumph of Jesus. Understand the emphasis (1) therefore, in light of suffering (4... Read More »